Ecologically Important Areas of
Gujarat Coast

Ecologically Important Areas






Ecologically Important Areas

Information in Detail

Ecologically Important Areas:

       Institute for Ocean Management has identified the following sites (Table 1) under the category of Ecologically Important Areas.

Table 1:      Ecologically Important Coastal Areas identified in Gujarat coast.   

Ecological Importance
Geographic Location
Area in km▓

Coastal Length Km

Gulf Kachchh
Coral Reef
20║15' to 23║35' N
60║05' to 70║22' E
1307.8 (Mangrove)
406.5 (Coral )
131.4 Km (Mangrove) 94.91km (Coral Main) 75.4 Km (Coral Island)
Gulf of Khambat
22 ║15'-22║ 30'N
72║ 15'-72║ 30'E
6.4 (Mangrove)
2.63 km (Mangrove)

Geographic Location of Gujarat:
       Gujarat covers an area of 1,96,024 km▓ with a population density of 210/Km2. Gujarat on the West Coast of India is bounded on the North - West by Pakistan, the North by Rajasthan, the East by Madhya Pradesh, on the South and South - East by Maharashtra. It comprises the Peninsula known as Saurashtra, the barren, rocky North - East containing the Rann of Kutch, and the mainland from the Rann of Kutch and Aravalli hills to the river Damanganga. The main rivers flowing in Gujarat are Sabarmathi, Mahi, Narmada and Tapti. The Tropic of Cancer passes through the Northern border of Gujarat.

Indicating Ecologically Important Areas of Gujarat Coast

Ecologically Important Areas in Gujarat Coast

     Gujarat ranks first in the country in the production of cotton and groundnut and second in the production of tobacco. Gujarat accounts for nearly 63% of infant milk produced in the country. There is exploration and production of oil and natural gas at Ankleswar, Combay and Kalol.Gujarat has the longest shoreline of about 1663 km. The Gujarat coast provides a wide variety of coastal features due to its varied physiography, geomorphology, coastal processes and river discharge into the sea. The Gujarat coast has been broadly classified into five regions
      The Rann of Kachchh, the Saurashtra coast, Gulf of Kutch, Gulf of Khambhat and the South Gujarat coast, based on the distinct variation in the wetland/landform categories. These variations are due to climate, substrate constituents and topography. Mangrove forests occupy creeks and tributaries that crisscross the coastal belt. The areas selected for the present study are Gulf of Kachchh, South of Dwaraka and Diu Islands.   


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