Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) denotes the specific legal rights of the inventors to hold and exercise Patents, Trademarks, Copyrights, Industrial Designs, etc. IPR aims to exclude third parties from exploiting the protected subject matter for a certain perod of time (normally 20 years), without explicit authorisation from the right holders. IPR owners can use or disclose their creations without fear of loss of control over their usage during the course of dissemination of their creation/invention. IP confers of exclusive rights in relation to the particular form in which ideas/information are expressed/manifested in the following manner.
i) New and useful scientific and technical advancements in the form of innovations, inventions, products and processes, computer hardware and software, materials, biological varieties, etc. which are patentable.
ii) Industrial and architectural designs, models, drawings, creative, artistic and literary works, teaching resource materials, generated records of research including thesis, adissertations, etc. which are copyrightable.
iii) Trademarks, service mark, logos, etc.
Shape of a product, patterns, lines, colour of a product or a combination of one or more feature
Natural or manufactured goods as originated or manufactured in a territory of country, e.g. Kancheepuam Sarees, Basmati Rice, etc
Layout of transistors and other circuitry elements including lead wires connecting such elements and expressed as semiconductor
For more information on Intellectual Property Rights Connect to Basics of IPR
USPTO – United States Patent and Trademark Office (http://www.uspto.gov/)
IPINDIA – Indian Patent Office (http://www.ipindia.nic.in/)
Google Patents – Worldwide Patents (https://patents.google.com/)
WIPO – World Intellectual Property Organisation (http://www.wipo.int/patentscope/en/)
FPO – Free Patents Online (http://www.freepatentsonline.com/)
Espacenet – Europe Patent (https://worldwide.espacenet.com/)
JPO – Japan Patent Office (https://www.jpo.go.jp/)
TOTAL Patent – Lexis Nexis (https://www.lexisnexis.com/totalpatent/signonForm.do)
Thomson Innovations (http://info.thomsoninnovation.com/)
Questel Orbit (https://www.orbit.com/)