Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA)
Government of Tamilnadu
தேசிய உயர்கல்விச் செயலாக்கத் திட்டம் / राष्ट्रिया उच्चत्तर शिक्षा अभियान / National Higher Education Mission

Governance Structure of RUSA

National Level

RUSA Mission Authority.

State level

State Council for Higher Education.
Project Directorate.
Technical support group.

Institution level

Board of governors.
Project monitoring unit.

What is RUSA?

  • A Centrally Sponsored Scheme
  • A Strategic Intervention in Higher Education
  • Tool
    • reforms at State Levelss
    • greater accountability and autonomy of state universities and colleges
  • Performance linked Funding
    • Funding on the basis of Plans, achievements and outcomes
  • Key Result Areas
    • Access, Equity and Excellence
  • Role of States
    • Funding and Accountability
    • Planning and Monitoring
      • State Higher Education Councils
        • Planning, Execution, Evaluation, Monitoring and Capacity Building
      • Emphasis on Planning
        • Institutional Development Plans

The important guiding principles of RUSA are:

  • 1. Focus on Quality and Research
  • 2. Norm-based and Outcome-dependent Funding
  • 3. Incentivizing and Disincentivizing
  • 4. Apolitical Decision Making
  • 5. Autonomy
  • 6. Disclosure-based Governance
  • 7. Equity-based development


Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA) is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS), launched in 2013 aims at providing strategic funding to eligible state higher educational institutions. The central funding (in the ratio of 60:40 for general category States, 90:10 for special category states and 100% for union territories) would be norm based and outcome dependent. The funding would flow from the central ministry through the state governments/union territories to the State Higher Education Councils before reaching the identified institutions. The funding to states would be made on the basis of critical appraisal of State Higher Education Plans, which would describe each state’s strategy to address issues of equity, access and excellence in higher education.


The salient objectives of RUSA are to;

  • Improve the overall quality of state institutions by ensuring conformity to prescribed norms and standards and adopt accreditation as a mandatory quality assurance framework.
  • Usher transformative reforms in the state higher education system by creating a facilitating institutional structure for planning and monitoring at the state level, promoting autonomy in State Universities and improving governance in institutions.
  • Ensure reforms in the affiliation, academic and examination systems.
  • Ensure adequate availability of quality faculty in all higher educational institutions and ensure capacity building at all levels of employment.
  • Create an enabling atmosphere in the higher educational institutions to devote themselves to research and innovations.
  • Expand the institutional base by creating additional capacity in existing institutions and establishing new institutions, in order to achieve enrolment targets.
  • Correct regional imbalances in access to higher education by setting up institutions in unserved & underserved areas.
  • Improve equity in higher education by providing adequate opportunities of higher education to SC/STs and socially and educationally backward classes; promote inclusion of women, minorities, and differently abled persons.


RUSA would create new universities through upgradation of existing autonomous colleges and conversion of colleges in a cluster. It would create new model degree colleges, new professional colleges and provide infrastructural support to universities and colleges. Faculty recruitment support, faculty improvements programmes and leadership development of educational administrators are also an important part of the scheme. In order to enhance skill development the existing central scheme of Polytechnics has been subsumed within RUSA. A separate component to synergise vocational education with higher education has also been included in RUSA. Besides these, RUSA also supports reforming, restructuring and building capacity of institutions in participating state.

The following are the primary components of RUSA that capture the key action and funding areas that must be pursued for the fulfilment of the targets:

  • Up gradation of existing autonomous colleges to Universities.
  • Conversion of colleges to Cluster Universities
  • Infrastructure grants to Universities.
  • New Model Colleges (General.
  • Upgradation of existing degree colleges to model colleges.
  • New Colleges (Professional).
  • Infrastructure grants to colleges.
  • Research, innovation and quality improvement.
  • Equity initiatives.
  • Faculty Recruitment Support.
  • Faculty improvements.
  • Vocationalisation of Higher Education.
  • Leadership Development of Educational Administrators.
  • Institutional restructuring & reforms.
  • Capacity building & preparation, data collection & planning.


Pre-requisites for the States to Participate in RUSA

  • creation of state higher education councils.
  • accreditation agencies.
  • state perspective plans.
  • sharing of funds.
  • institutional governance reforms.

Pre-requisites for the Institutions to Participate in RUSA

  • Institutional governance reforms.
  • Academic and examination reforms.
  • Accreditation commitments.
  • Project management teams.
  • Equity commitments.
  • Commitments on research and innovation efforts.
  • Faculty improvement.
  • Establishment of MIS.
  • Regulatory compliance.

Flow of Funds

  • The funding would flow from MHRD to institutions, through State Councils of higher education.
  • The funding to states would be made on the basis of critical appraisal of state plans of higher education.
  • All funding under the RUSA would be norm based and future grants would be outcome dependent.

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RUSA: Strategic Focus

  • Spatial and Regional Planning and Mapping
  • Program and Discipline Planning
  • Mandatory Accreditation and Quality Improvement
  • Reforms: Governance and Academic
  • Infrastructure
  • Review of the Affiliating System
  • Transparent and Norm-based Funding
  • Outcome based re-imbursement
  • Faculty Planning
  • Equity Intervention
  • Focus on Research and Innovation

RUSA: Goals

  • Mandatory Accreditation
  • Reforms in State Higher Education System through

  • Institutional Structure for

    • Planning and Monitoring at State Level
    • Autonomy of State Universities/Institutions.
    • Improvements in Governance.
  • Academic and Examination Reforms in State Institutions.
  • Availability of Quality Teachers and Faculty Development.
  • Enabling Environment for Research and Innovation.
  • Expansion of Institutional Base: Creation of additional capacity of existing institutions Establishing new institutions Regional Balance in Access in Higher Education Inclusive Higher Education Women, Minorities, Differently enabled, SC/ST and EBC

Anna University,Chennai

About Us

Anna University was established on 4th September 1978 as a unitary type of University. It offers higher education in Engineering, Technology and allied Sciences relevant to the current and projected needs of the society.Besides promoting research and disseminating knowledge gained therefrom, it fosters cooperation between the academic and industrial communities.The University was formed by bringing together and integrating two well-known technical institutions in the city of Madras.

  • College of Engineering, Guindy (CEG)(1794).
  • Madras Institute of Technology , Chrompet (MIT)(1949) and three Technological Departments of the University of Madras.
  • Alagappa College of Technology (ACT)(1944).
  • School of Architecture and Planning (SAP)(1957).

Situated in the southern part of the city of Madras (Chennai), the University's main campus extends over 100 hectares abutting the Adyar River on the north and Raj Bhavan on the south. The Madras Institute of Technology at Chrompet constitutes the second campus of the University which extends over 20 hectares. Both the campuses have a variety of buildings serving the various needs of the University community. A third campus extending over 80 hectares is located at Taramani near the Instronic campus, Adyar. The Bioprocess Laboratory donated by SPIC is located at present in this campus and a few more centers of advanced studies, like National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT), Sugar Research Institute, Mechatronics Institute, Entreprenuership Development Park, and Convention Centre will also be housed there in future. Since December 2001,it has become a large, highly renowned Affiliated University, having brought into its fold about 426 Self-financing Engineering Colleges six Government Colleges and three Government-aided Engineering colleges located in various parts of Tamilnadu State.