The unequivocal warming of the climate system is now evident from observations of increases in global average air and ocean temperatures, widespread melting of snow and ice, and rising global average sea level and could cause irreversible damage to earth system and the impact would be particularly severe in the tropics (IPCC 2007), which mainly consist of developing countries, including India. Realizing the importance of the impact of climate change, Anna University Chennai has initiated exclusive climate change research centre the "Centre for Climate Change and Disaster Management (CCCDM)" for the first time in the country. The Centre was inaugurated on March 28, 2008 by Noble Laureate Dr. R.K. Pachauri and has been effectively functioning thereafter.
The Centre for Disaster Mitigation and Management (CDMM) at Anna University was born of a major initiative on the part of the University in response to the call of the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (IDNDR). An international Conference on Disaster and Mitigation (INCODIM) was hosted during 19th to 22nd January 1996. About 300 delegates from 38 National and International agencies gathered to discuss as many as 126 papers on disasters due to Floods, Cyclones, Landslides, Forest Fires, Droughts, Earthquakes, Cloud Bursts, Mining and Environmental Degradation.The idea of setting up of Centre for Disaster Mitigation and Management subsequently got a big stimulus by the patronage received from Director, IDNDR-Secretariat, Geneva. The idea eventually turned into ground reality with the seal of approval of the syndicate of Anna University on 24th December 1996.
The new Centre for Climate Change and Disaster Management will bring together all the scientific community, government agencies, National research institutes and other universities with an integrated research programme addressing the national issues on climate change aspects, from its causes to its impacts on community, ecosystems, public health, the built environment and the economy. It will become the focal point for a diverse national network of researchers from other universities and major governmental groups. Unlike other disciplines CCCDM require multidisciplinary approach integrating various field such as Atmosphere, Water management, Agriculture, Forestry and Biodiversity, Oceanography and Coastal Studies, Geology and Soil Science, Remote Sensing and GIS, Energy, Economics and Social studies.
The activities of the centre got a further boost when the Government of Tamil Nadu also accorded its approval for setting of IDNDR Collaborative. Ever since, the Centre has moved forward from strength to strength, with the passage of time. Today, its main strength lies in its vision for Disaster Free India, its multidisciplinary expertise, its International and National linkages and its vibrant work programme driven by Innovation and Ideas. Faculty are drawn for operation of research project from various departments viz, Civil Engineering, Electronics and Communication Engineering, Physics and Media Sciences. Being located in the campus of a highly progressive and reputed University, it also has the gift of continuous association with fertile young minds.
In the current situation, there is a general agreement globally that climate change and disasters are in co-existence and inseparable component. The objective of climate change sciences and disaster mitigation and management have the common agenda to address the changing climate and disaster as well. The merging of the Centre will have an effective and synergetic output on both field and enable the University to receive more funds both from national and international funding.
Serve the cause of disaster mitigation by addressing real life problems connected with natural, manmade and biological disasters with a view to advancing the state-of-the-art through front line research and development on one hand, and by delivering cost and speed effective solutions to practical problems, on the other hand.
Promote educational and skill development programmes at all levels and thus contribute towards the national effort in Education and Human Resource Development, especially training of trainers on all aspects of disaster mitigation and management.
Serve as a national clearing house of information on all kinds of disaster through the instrument of National Disaster Knowledge Network and its connectivity with international networks
Build synergistic alliances and partnerships at the National and International levels and undertake multidimensional, multi-agency projects of local, regional, national, and global importance and challenge.
Advice Governments, Public Sector, Private Sector and Community Based Organizations, on diverse aspects of disaster mitigation and management.